Osteoporosis Of Spine

Osteoporosis Of Spine

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and resulting in fragile bones. Osteoporosis literally leads to abnormally porous bone that is compressible, like a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and results in frequent fractures (breaks) in the bones.

Normal bone is composed of protein, collagen, and calcium, all of which give bone its strength. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis can break (fracture) with relatively minor injury that normally would not cause a bone to fracture. The fracture can be either in the form of cracking (as in a hip fracture) or collapsing (as in a compression fracture of the vertebrae of the spine).

Patient's Complaints

  •  Elderly Females (occasionally male)
  •  Chronic back pain
  •  Difficulty while walking
  •  Sudden onset severe back pain after trivial fall (Osteoporotic spine fracture)

Causes

Your bones are in a constant state of renewal — new bone is made and old bone is broken down. When you're young, your body makes new bone faster than it breaks down old bone and your bone mass increases. Most people reach their peak bone mass by their early 20s. As people age, bone mass is lost faster than it's created.

How likely you are to develop osteoporosis depends partly on how much bone mass you attained in your youth. The higher your peak bone mass, the more bone you have "in the bank" and the less likely you are to develop osteoporosis as you age.

Symptoms

Bone loss that develops slowly, leading to osteoporosis, does not cause any symptoms or outward signs.As such, a patient may only discover that they have osteoporosis due to an unexpected fracture after a minor fall.

A slip or strain - or even a simple cough or sneeze - may result in a fracture. Typically, breaks occur in the hip, wrist, or in the spinal vertebrae.Breaks in the spine can lead to altered posture, with compressed vertebrae creating the stooped appearance often seen in older people (this excessive curvature of the spine is called kyphosis).

Treatment

Mild to moderate cases can be managed with rest, special brace and treatment of osteoporosis.

Several fracture needs augmentation with cement through key hole


Kyphoplasty

  •  Treatment of vertebral fracture through small key hole (Injection of cement in fractured bone) under local anaesthesia

FAQs

How common is osteoporosis ?

Osteoporosis is one of the most common and debilitating chronic diseases, and a global healthcare problem. Around the world, one in three women and one in five men over the age of 50 will suffer an osteoporotic fracture. Although more common in older people, osteoporosis can also affect younger people.

How can I help my children build bones?

Help your children get enough calcium and vitamin D, so they are building strong bones while young. Encourage your children to have a balanced diet with sources of calcium and protein. Milk and other dairy foods are among the richest and most readily available sources of calcium in the diet. Educate them about the importance of weight-bearing exercises and the effects of smoking and excessive alcohol on bones. It is also important they understands having a healthy body weight (no crash diets!) will help to build strong bones. Tell your children beauty is bone deep - no one should be obsessed with thinness at the expense of bone health.