Spinal cancers are divided into primary and secondary types. “Primary” spine cancer develops within the spine column. Spinal cord tumors can also be primary or secondary (metastatic) cancers. It is unclear what causes tumors to develop in the spinal cord or the membranes (meninges) covering the spinal cord.Cancerous vertebral tumors (in the vertebrae) are “secondary” cancers, or metastatic cancer, that have spread to the vertebrae from another part of the body, such as the breast, prostate or kidney.
Spine cancer affects about 10,000 people a year. About 90 percent of cancerous tumors of the spine are metastatic tumors, originating in another part of the body. Some rare vertebral cancers do originate in the vertebrae and are primary cancers.The spinal cord is a column of nerve tissue that extends from the base of the brain down the back, and is surrounded by three protective membranes. The spinal cord is part of the central nervous system (CNS).
- Old age patient
- Back pain, neck Pain
- Very severe cases present with paralysis
t's not clear why most spinal tumors develop. Experts suspect that defective genes play a role. But it's usually not known whether such genetic defects are inherited, occur spontaneously or are caused by something in the environment, such as exposure to certain chemicals. In some cases, however, spinal cord tumors are linked to known inherited syndromes, such as neurofibromatosis 2 and von Hippel-Lindau disease.
Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings.
Spinal cancer symptoms depend on the tumor type, size, location, health history of the patient, and more. Symptoms can occur very gradually or swiftly, even over a matter of hours or days. Vertebral tumors that have spread from another location in the body to the spine often progress quickly.
Pain is the most noticeable sign of spinal cancer. Pain can come from the tumor pushing on sensitive nerve endings or causing spinal instability in the spinal column.
If the tumor presses on the spinal cord, there may be tingling or numbness in the arms or legs. Symptoms that develop after some time include clumsiness, such as not knowing where the feet are, and fumbling buttons or keys. As the disease progresses, spinal cancer symptoms may include weakness, inability to move the legs and eventually paralysis.
Needs highly advanced treatment, which is decided as per individual case (Surgery, Anti-tubercular drugs, chemotherapy, radiotherapy)
Removal of diseased part(tissue) and fixation of spine.
What are the complications that arise from spine tumors?
Both malignant and benign spinal tumors can affect the spinal nerves that can cause a loss of movement and sensation to the arms, legs, bladder, and bowel. Another complication is that nerves can be permanently damaged especially when caught at a later stage.