Degenerative Spine Disorders

Degenerative Spine Disorders

A degenerative spine diagnosis isn’t uncommon, but it should not be taken lightly. The spine is made up of a complex series of muscles, vertebrae, ligaments and intervertebral discs — components that can deteriorate over time. The discs are particularly important because they are designed to act as shock absorbers for the spine. In addition to allowing for spinal flexibility, the discs prevent the bony vertebra from grinding against one another..

As you grow older, the years of tension and stress that your spine endures can take a toll on the intervertebral discs and ultimately lead to degenerative spine disorders. Age-related changes can also cause the discs to become drier and weaker, making them more prone to damage. Consequently, the intervertebral discs deteriorate, making them less effective. Because the spine is a narrow column filled with sensitive nerve tissue, any change in the structural integrity or placement of the discs can potentially impinge upon adjacent spinal nerves, which is often the underlying cause of painful degenerative spine symptoms.

Patient's Complaints

  •  Middle age or old patient
  •   Chronic lower back pain
  •  Difficulty while walking
  •  Numbness or weakness in legs

Causes

Your spine is made up of joints, ligaments, muscles, discs and vertebrae. Both the joints and discs contain cartilage that makes your neck and back movements smooth and comfortable. As you age, this cartilage begins to break down and become brittle, meaning it can no longer sustain the impact of your body’s movements.

The breakdown of disc cartilage is called degenerative disc disease, which causes conditions like herniated or bulging discs among others. The weakening of joint cartilage is called degenerative spine arthritis, or osteoarthritis, which can lead to developing bone spurs; this is the body’s way of protecting itself from the pain caused by arthritic joints rubbing against each other.

Symptoms

Degenerative spine symptoms can take a toll on your daily life. Everyday movements like those involved in cooking, stretching, tying your shoes or gardening can become difficult and painful.

Other degenerative changes in the spine, such as osteophytes (bone spurs), spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canals) and osteoarthritis (inflammation of joints in the spine), all may produce symptoms of pain, stiffness, weakness, numbness and tingling – especially if the nerve roots extending from the spinal cord, or the spinal cord itself, are impinged. Pain may worsen when sneezing, coughing or overexerting – and even when reclining, sitting or standing too long. Symptoms can last anywhere from a few weeks to a few months.

Minimally Invasive Spine Decompression and Fixation

Treatment

Mild to moderate cases can be managed with oral or injectable, medications, rest, traction, brief hospital admission, activity modification and physiotherapy.

Some patient may need injection of ozone, steroids.

Severe cases need surgical management.


Minimally Invasive Spine Decompression and Fixation

  •  These problems need decompression of nerves and fixation of spine.
  •  All these procedure can be performed through small cut on body with the help of microscope and specialized instruments

FAQs

How do I know if I am at risk for spondylolysis?

Those with a family history of spondylolysis or weak vertebrae are more susceptible to developing the condition. Also, athletes involved in activities that place a great deal of stress on the back, such as football players and weight lifters, are at greater risk for fracturing the vertebrae, encouraging slippage.

Will I need surgery?

While it can sometimes result from a traumatic injury, a degenerative spine most often develops along with the natural aging process. Age-related changes in the spinal anatomy can cause its components to gradually break down and lose their protective capabilities. For example, the discs can become thin and brittle, and the cartilage that lines the spinal joints can begin to wear away. As a result, a disc might be forced outside of its boundaries or rupture, or bone-on-bone contact can occur from worn out joints.